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Travel Guide

General Information:

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic.

This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.

Within this spectacular geography is also one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is a potpourri of ethnic groups and sub-groups who speak over 93 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on earth. And you can join in the numerous annual festivals that are celebrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs.

Nepal at Glance:

Nepal is a land-locked country bordering with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China in the north and surrounded by India in the east, south and west.

Language: Nepali is the official language of Nepal.  However, educated people can speak English.

Seasons: Nepal has four major seasons (1) winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer:  June-August and (4) Autumn: September-November. Nepal can be visited all the year round.

People and Religion: Hindu, Buddhist, Islam, Muslim, animism and  others religion.

Currency: Nepali Rupee notes come in Rs. 1, 2, 5, 10,  20, 25, 50, 100, 500, 1000 denominations. Coins come in Rs. 1, 2, 5 and 10 denominations.

Area: 147,181Sq. Kms

Capital: Kathmandu

Latitude: 26* 12’ and 30* 27’ North

Longitude: 80* 4’ and 88* 12’ East

National Flower: Rhododendron-Arboreum  {Lali Gurans}

National bird: Impeyan pheasant {Danfe}

Vegetation: Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world ranging from sub tropical rain forest to Alpine deserts.

Weather: Climate rages from tropical in low land to arctic in higher altitudes.

Natural resources: Hydropower, breathtaking mountains, copper, cobalt, iron, water

Major Ethnic groups:          Chhettri 15.5%,  Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%,  Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)

Agriculture products: Rice, Corn, Wheat, Sugarcane, Jute, Root crops, Milk, water

Industries: Tourism, carpet, textile, small rice, Jute, sugar, and oilseed miles, cigarettes, cement and brick production.

Currency code: Nepalese Rupee {NPR}

National park: Shey-Phoksundo national park, Sagarmatha national Park, Rara national park,  Chitwan National park, Makalu Barun National park, Langtang national park,  Shivapuri national park, Bardia national park, Kanchenjunga national park,

World Heritage sites (cultural): Kathmandu durbar square,  Bhaktapur durbar square, Patan durbar square, Swayambhunath, Boudhanath,  Pashupatinath, Changaunarayan, and Lumbini

Natural world heritages site (natural): Royal   chitwan National    park and Sagarmatha national park

Conservation area:  Annapurna conservation area, Manasalu conservation area.

Wildlife reserve:  Shukla phant wildlife reserve, Dhorpatan hunting reserve, Koshi  tappu wildlife reserve, Parsa wildlife reserve

Popular Trek destination: Everest region, Annapurna region, Langtang region

Highest mountains: Mt. Everest {8,848m}, Kanchenjunga  {8597m}, Lhotse {8511m}, Makalu {8481m}, Dhaulagiri {8167m}, Manaslu {8156m}, Cho-Oyu {8125m} & Annapurna I {8091m}

Customs Formalities: All baggage must clear through the customs on arrival at the entry point. Personal effects are permitted free entry. A tourist may bring in dutiable goods, such as tobacco and liquor, within the prescribed quantity free of duty. Carrying narcotics, weapons and ammunition are strictly prohibited. Visitors can export souvenirs to their respective countries. The export of antiques requires special certificate from the Department of Archaeology:

Entry Procedures & Visa Rules

Effective from 16 July 2008:

Tourists who visit Nepal must hold valid passport and visa.

Entry: Tourist entry visa can be obtained for the following duration from Nepal Embassy/ Consulate or Mission offices abroad, or at the following immigration offices in Nepal:

  • Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu
  • Kakarvitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal)
  • Birganj, Parsa (Central Nepal)
  • Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (Northern Border)
  • Belhiya, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western Nepal)
  • Jamuna, Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid Western Nepal)
  • Mohana, Dhangadhi (Kailali, Far Western Nepal)
  • Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western Nepal)

Visa Facility:

  • Multiple Entry: 15 days US $ 25  or Equivalent convertible currency
  • Multiple Entry: 30 days US $ 40  or Equivalent convertible currency
  • Multiple Entry: 90 days US $ 100 or Equivalent convertible currency

Tourist Visa Extension:

  • Visa extension fee for 15 days or less is US $ 30 or equivalent convertible currency and visa extension fee
  • Tourist visa can be extended for a maximum period of 150 days in a single visa year (January – December).

Gratis (Free) Visa:                     

  • Gratis visa for 30 days available only for tourists of SAARC countries.
  • Indian nationals do not require visa to enter into Nepal.

Transit Visa:

Transit visa for one day can be obtained from Nepal's immigration offices at the entry points upon the production of departure flight ticket via Tribhuvan International Airport in Nepal, by paying US $ 5 or equivalent convertible currency.

For further information:

Please visit:

Web site:

Some Important information to tourist: Don't or Do's:

  • A tourist may stay in Nepal up to 150 days in a visa year (Jan-Dec).
  •  A tourist must extend his/her visa before expiry of the visa validity period. A tourist who does not comply with these regulations may be liable of fine and other prosecution as provided in Immigration Act and Rules.
  • A Foreigner having obtained tourist visa shall not be allowed to work with or without receiving remuneration.
  • A foreigner shall not be allowed to carry out any work other than that for which purpose he/she has obtained the visa